Restorative dentistry refers to care of patients who require restoration of the oral and dental tissues. It is the study, diagnosis and integrated management of diseases of the teeth and their supporting structures and the rehabilitation of the dentition to functional and aesthetic requirements of the individual.
In the current scenario issues concerning the most appropriate, relevant dental management have assumed a high priority for the individual. The speciality involves contributing to the care of the elderly and those with special medical needs, in addition to providing treatment for those who require complex dental care. In Restorative Dentistry, the doctor manages the restorative care of patients with a variety of conditions in which dental treatment can be hazardous or complex.
For example, patients with bleeding disorders, leukaemia,endocardial lesions, some form of drug therapy, the elderly patient with special problems and those with learning difficulties. Patients with congenital facial clefts or major dental abnormalities require carefully planned and often complex treatment.
In the past this has been less than ideal because of the lack of adequate restorative advice and treatment. For example,patients with congenital defects of the maxillofacial complex may receive surgical repair in combination with orthodontic treatment, later to be neglected in their restorative care, largely negating the advantages of earlier treatment.
Oncology treatment for patients with a tumour of the head and neck can result in intra-oral defects that require carefully designed treatment to prevent deterioration of other dental structures and to establish satisfactory social rehabilitation of the patient.
Restorative Dentistry includes all aspects of Periodontics, Endodontics and Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics, including Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry.